Download Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK) with BITS cmdlets

*! Update: 2014-09-30:
Looking for the latest version of ADK 8.1, see my most recent post
https://p0w3rsh3ll.wordpress.com/2014/09/30/follow-up-on-downloading-windows-assessment-and-deployment-kit-windows-adk-8-1-september-2014/

*! Update: 2014-04-08:
Looking for the latest version of ADK 8.1, see my most recent post
https://p0w3rsh3ll.wordpress.com/2014/04/08/follow-up-on-downloading-windows-assessment-and-deployment-kit-windows-adk-8-1/

*! Update: 2013-10-24:
Looking for the latest version of ADK 8.1, see my most recent post https://p0w3rsh3ll.wordpress.com/2013/10/24/download-windows-assessment-and-deployment-kit-windows-adk-8-1/

While I was working on installing System Center Configuration Manager 2012 SP1, I had to download and install Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK) as it’s a requirement for the OSD (Operating System Deployment) role.
Yes, the Windows ADK replaces the Windows AIK (Windows Automated Installation Kit) requirement on ConfigMgr 2012 RTM. As of SP1, ConfigMgr 2012 is able to deploy Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 and thus requires ADK (WinPE 4.0,…)

The following link also helped me quickly find out what components of ADK are required for ConfigMgr 2012 SP1:
http://blogs.technet.com/b/inside_osd/archive/2012/07/20/sp1-setup-changes-system-center-2012-configuration-manager.aspx…whereas the official documentation on the technet is: Prerequisites For Deploying Operating Systems in Configuration Manager

I first went to the download center to get the ADK using this link: go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=232339
You can get the English version with this powershell oneliner:

iwr -URI 'http://download.microsoft.com/download/9/9/F/99F5E440-5EB5-4952-9935-B99662C3DF70/adk/adksetup.exe' -OutFile F:\adksetup.exe

The above file acts also as a web downloader if it doesn’t find all the 3GB of files in a adjacent folders named Installers.

I wanted to know where it gets all these files. The log file was really helpful

We can see that the link http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=252915 is translated to http://download.microsoft.com/download/9/9/F/99F5E440-5EB5-4952-9935-B99662C3DF70/adk/, that it’s the root path of all the ADK files.
However, we are not allowed to browse files and subfolders.

I decided to extract all the URLs like this:

gc  "C:\Users\local-user\AppData\Local\Temp\adk\Assessment and Deployment Kit_20130213161354.log" | Get-Matches -Pattern ".*\sto\s(?<URL>http://.*)" | % { $_.URL } | Out-File F:\ADK.url.txt -Append

Note: Get-Matches was written by Dr. Tobias Weltner and is available on http://powershell.com/cs/blogs/tobias/archive/2011/10/27/regular-expressions-are-your-friend-part-1.aspx

Downloading 3GB of files sounds like a job for BITS (Background Intelligent Transfer Service) cmdlets.
But I’ve first to deal with the 302 web response, which means that the content has been temporarily moved.
To see it with Powershell, I’ve had to force the maximum redirection to 0, i.e. none, as it’s set by default to 5.

iwr -URI http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=252915 -MaximumRedirection 0 -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue


Now the last thing I had to do is to capture the location where the content has been moved to.

Finally, here’s the function I wrote to download the ADK files using BITS cmdlets 🙂

#Requires -Version 3.0            
            
Function Get-ADKFiles {            
[CmdletBinding()]                
param(            
    [parameter(Mandatory)]                        
    [system.string]$TargetFolder = $null                       
)            
Begin {            
    # Make sure we run as admin                                    
    $usercontext = [Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal][Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()                                    
    $IsAdmin = $usercontext.IsInRole(544)                                                                               
    if (-not($IsAdmin)) {                                    
        Write-Warning "Must run powerShell as Administrator to perform these actions"                                    
        break                        
    }                                     
    $HT = @{}            
    $HT += @{ ErrorAction = 'Stop'}            
    # Validate target folder            
    try {            
        Get-Item $TargetFolder @HT | Out-Null            
    } catch {            
        Write-Warning -Message "The target folder specified as parameter does not exist"            
        break            
    }            
}            
            
Process {            
    $adkGenericURL = (Invoke-WebRequest -Uri http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=252915 -MaximumRedirection 0 -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue)            
    # There's an expected error saying:            
    # The maximum redirection count has been exceeded.             
    # To increase the number of redirections allowed, supply a higher value to the -MaximumRedirection parameter.            
            
    # 302 = redirect as moved temporarily            
    if ($adkGenericURL.StatusCode -eq 302) {            
                
        # Currently set to http://download.microsoft.com/download/9/9/F/99F5E440-5EB5-4952-9935-B99662C3DF70/adk/            
        $MainURL = $adkGenericURL.Headers.Location            
            
        $AllURLs = DATA {                        
            ConvertFrom-StringData @'
        0=adksetup.exe
        1=035c64a427383070735ec20952cb2f4b.cab
        2=036c618de505eeb40cca35afad6264f5.cab
        3=0765ac62eb011b854b5a09f807cf3ae1.cab
        4=0a3a39d2f8a258e1dea4e76da0ec31b8.cab
        5=0b63b7c537782729483bff2d64a620fa.cab
        6=0c48c56ca00155f992c30167beb8f23d.cab
        7=0ce2876e9da7f82aac8755701aecfa64.cab
        8=0d981f062236baed075df3f42b1747db.cab
        9=0e46101fbce444baccdd11de8eeb0912.cab
        10=11bdc4a4637c4d7ab86107fd13dcb9c6.cab
        11=13d6f0cdd9f32c850d1f4c4509494184.cab
        12=1439dbcbd472f531c37a149237b300fc.cab
        13=158211324176e5cb114e21c6716d44a5.cab
        14=1620efa4ffe2a6563530bd0158b17fe6.cab
        15=17c9d60f2bc5bc54c58782d614afcbf0.cab
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        21=2517aec0259281507bfb693d7d136f30.cab
        22=268b1a41f6bd2906449944b964bf7393.cab
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        25=3585b51691616d290315769bec85eb6f.cab
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        32=3b71855dfae6a44ab353293c119908b8.cab
        33=3d610ba2a5a333717eea5f9db277718c.cab
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        78=a011a13d3157dae2dbdaa7090daa6acb.cab
        79=a03686381bcfa98a14e9c579f7784def.cab
        80=a1d26d38d4197f7873a8da3a26fc351c.cab
        81=a30d7a714f70ca6aa1a76302010d7914.cab
        82=a32918368eba6a062aaaaf73e3618131.cab
        83=a40aea453ac3e9dd8951c2b125a5fd6f.cab
        84=a4d2213cc44fd2ac2de44c6ad98e88ce.cab
        85=a565f18707816c0d052281154b768ac0.cab
        86=a7eb3390a15bcd2c80a978c75f2dcc4f.cab
        87=aa25d18a5fcce134b0b89fb003ec99ff.cab
        88=aa4db181ead2227e76a3d291da71a672.cab
        89=ab3291752bc7a02f158066789e9b0c03.cab
        90=abadc0ace44c6ba5cad01e2d1408a45f.cab
        91=abbeaf25720d61b6b6339ada72bdd038.cab
        92=ac9ff098e23012b74624db792b538132.cab
        93=Application Compatibility Toolkit-x64_en-us.msi
        94=Application Compatibility Toolkit-x86_en-us.msi
        95=Assessments on Client-x86_en-us.msi
        96=Assessments on Server-x86_en-us.msi
        97=b0189bdfbad208b3ac765f88f21a89df.cab
        98=b3892d561b571a5b8c81d33fbe2d6d24.cab
        99=b5227bb68c3d4641d71b769e3ac606a1.cab
        100=b6758178d78e2a03e1d692660ec642bd.cab
        101=bbf55224a0290f00676ddc410f004498.cab
        102=bc1fef9daa903321722c08ce3cf51261.cab
        103=bd748d6fbff59b2a58cebdb99c3c6747.cab
        104=be7ebc1ac434ead4ab1cf36e3921b70e.cab
        105=c0f42c479da796da513cc5592f0759d3.cab
        106=c6babfeb2e1e6f814e70cacb52a0f923.cab
        107=c98a0a5b63e591b7568b5f66d64dc335.cab
        108=ccf0b1fb9a1f20998b153c44684575a9.cab
        109=cd23bfdfd9e3dfa8475bf59c2c5d6901.cab
        110=cfb8342932e6752026b63046a8d93845.cab
        111=d2611745022d67cf9a7703eb131ca487.cab
        112=d3a3cb9f097a2b86cba7143489e77275.cab
        113=d562ae79e25b943d03fc6aa7a65f9b81.cab
        114=d5ab5e5d3b38824af1c714c289999949.cab
        115=d5abe4833b23e13dc7038bde9c525069.cab
        116=dotNetFx40_Full_x86_x64.exe
        117=e5f4f4dc519b35948be4500a7dfeab14.cab
        118=e65f08c56c86f4e6d7e9358fa99c4c97.cab
        119=ea9c0c38594fd7df374ddfc620f4a1fd.cab
        120=eacac0698d5fa03569c86b25f90113b5.cab
        121=ed711e0a0102f1716cc073671804eb4c.cab
        122=eebe1a56de59fd5a57e26205ff825f33.cab
        123=f17080a8c785c47fe4714b7ad2c797e2.cab
        124=f18258d399eda9b42c75b358b9e9fc62.cab
        125=f2a850bce4500b85f37a8aaa71cbb674.cab
        126=f480ed0b7d2f1676b4c1d5fc82dd7420.cab
        127=f678c5f13eb8d66bba79685df79a5fa7.cab
        128=f7699e5a82dcf6476e5ed2d8a3507ace.cab
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        130=fbcf182748fd71a49becc8bb8d87ba92.cab
        131=fcc051e0d61320c78cac9fe4ad56a2a2.cab
        132=fd5778f772c39c09c3dd8cd99e7f0543.cab
        133=fe43ba83b8d1e88cc4f4bfeac0850c6c.cab
        134=Kits Configuration Installer-x86_en-us.msi
        135=Microsoft Compatibility Monitor-x86_en-us.msi
        136=SQLEXPR_x86_ENU.exe
        137=Toolkit Documentation-x86_en-us.msi
        138=User State Migration Tool-x86_en-us.msi
        139=Volume Activation Management Tool-x86_en-us.msi
        140=wasinstaller.exe
        141=WimMountAdkSetupAmd64.exe
        142=WimMountAdkSetupX86.exe
        143=Windows Assessment Services - Client (AMD64 Architecture Specific, Client SKU)-x86_en-us.msi
        144=Windows Assessment Services - Client (AMD64 Architecture Specific, Server SKU)-x86_en-us.msi
        145=Windows Assessment Services - Client (Client SKU)-x86_en-us.msi
        146=Windows Assessment Services - Client (Server SKU)-x86_en-us.msi
        147=Windows Assessment Services - Client (X86 Architecture Specific, Client SKU)-x86_en-us.msi
        148=Windows Assessment Services-x86_en-us.msi
        149=Windows Assessment Toolkit (AMD64 Architecture Specific)-x86_en-us.msi
        150=Windows Assessment Toolkit (X86 Architecture Specific)-x86_en-us.msi
        151=Windows Assessment Toolkit-x86_en-us.msi
        152=Windows Deployment Customizations-x86_en-us.msi
        153=Windows Deployment Tools-x86_en-us.msi
        154=Windows PE x86 x64 wims-x86_en-us.msi
        155=Windows PE x86 x64-x86_en-us.msi
        156=Windows System Image Manager on amd64-x86_en-us.msi
        157=Windows System Image Manager on x86-x86_en-us.msi
        158=WPT Redistributables-x86_en-us.msi
        159=WPTarm-arm_en-us.msi
        160=WPTx64-x86_en-us.msi
        161=WPTx86-x86_en-us.msi
'@            
        }            
            
        # Create target folders if required as BIT doesn't accept missing folders            
        If (-not(Test-Path (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath Installers))) {            
            try {            
                New-Item -Path (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath Installers) -ItemType Directory -Force @HT            
                # New-Item -Path $TargetFolder -ItemType Directory -Force -ErrorAction Stop            
            } catch {            
                Write-Warning -Message "Failed to create folder $($TargetFolder)/Installers"            
                break            
            }            
        }            
            
        # Create an job that will downlad our first file            
        $job = Start-BitsTransfer -Suspended -Source "$($MainURL)/$($AllURLs['0'])" -Asynchronous -Destination (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath ($AllURLs['0']))             
                    
        For ($i = 1 ; $i -lt $AllURLs.Count ; $i++) {            
            $URL = $Destination = $null            
            $URL = "$($MainURL)Installers/$($AllURLs[$i.ToString()])"            
            $Destination = Join-Path -Path (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath Installers) -ChildPath (([URI]$URL).Segments[-1] -replace '%20'," ")            
            # Add-BitsFile http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd819411.aspx            
            $newjob = Add-BitsFile -BitsJob $job -Source  $URL -Destination $Destination            
            Write-Progress -Activity "Adding file $($newjob.FilesTotal)" -Status "Percent completed: " -PercentComplete (($newjob.FilesTotal)*100/($AllURLs.Count))            
        }            
            
        # Begin the download and show us the job            
        Resume-BitsTransfer  -BitsJob $job -Asynchronous            
            
        # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ee663885%28v=vs.85%29.aspx            
        while ($job.JobState -in @('Connecting','Transferring','Queued')) {            
            Write-Progress -activity "Downloading ADK files" -Status "Percent completed: " -PercentComplete ($job.BytesTransferred*100/$job.BytesTotal)            
        }             
        Switch($job.JobState) {            
         "Transferred" {            
                Complete-BitsTransfer -BitsJob $job            
                break            
            }            
         "Error" {            
                # List the errors.            
                $job | Format-List             
            }             
         default {            
                # Perform corrective action.            
            }             
        }            
    }            
}            
End {}            
}            
            
Get-ADKFiles -TargetFolder 'D:\Downloads\ADK'
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3 thoughts on “Download Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK) with BITS cmdlets

  1. For buttons to download the code more easily:

    #Requires -Version 3.0
    
    Function Get-ADKFiles {
    [CmdletBinding()]    
    param(
        [parameter(Mandatory)]            
        [system.string]$TargetFolder = $null           
    )
    Begin {
        # Make sure we run as admin                        
        $usercontext = [Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal][Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()                        
        $IsAdmin = $usercontext.IsInRole(544)                                                                   
        if (-not($IsAdmin)) {                        
            Write-Warning "Must run powerShell as Administrator to perform these actions"                        
            break            
        }                         
        $HT = @{}
        $HT += @{ ErrorAction = 'Stop'}
        # Validate target folder
        try {
            Get-Item $TargetFolder @HT | Out-Null
        } catch {
            Write-Warning -Message "The target folder specified as parameter does not exist"
            break
        }
    }
    
    Process {
        $adkGenericURL = (Invoke-WebRequest -Uri http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=252915 -MaximumRedirection 0 -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue)
        # There's an expected error saying:
        # The maximum redirection count has been exceeded. 
        # To increase the number of redirections allowed, supply a higher value to the -MaximumRedirection parameter.
    
        # 302 = redirect as moved temporarily
        if ($adkGenericURL.StatusCode -eq 302) {
        
            # Currently set to http://download.microsoft.com/download/9/9/F/99F5E440-5EB5-4952-9935-B99662C3DF70/adk/
            $MainURL = $adkGenericURL.Headers.Location
    
            $AllURLs = DATA {            
                ConvertFrom-StringData @'
            0=adksetup.exe
            1=035c64a427383070735ec20952cb2f4b.cab
            2=036c618de505eeb40cca35afad6264f5.cab
            3=0765ac62eb011b854b5a09f807cf3ae1.cab
            4=0a3a39d2f8a258e1dea4e76da0ec31b8.cab
            5=0b63b7c537782729483bff2d64a620fa.cab
            6=0c48c56ca00155f992c30167beb8f23d.cab
            7=0ce2876e9da7f82aac8755701aecfa64.cab
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            9=0e46101fbce444baccdd11de8eeb0912.cab
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    '@
            }
    
            # Create target folders if required as BIT doesn't accept missing folders
            If (-not(Test-Path (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath Installers))) {
                try {
                    New-Item -Path (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath Installers) -ItemType Directory -Force @HT
                    # New-Item -Path $TargetFolder -ItemType Directory -Force -ErrorAction Stop
                } catch {
                    Write-Warning -Message "Failed to create folder $($TargetFolder)/Installers"
                    break
                }
            }
    
            # Create an job that will downlad our first file
            $job = Start-BitsTransfer -Suspended -Source "$($MainURL)/$($AllURLs['0'])" -Asynchronous -Destination (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath ($AllURLs['0'])) 
            
            For ($i = 1 ; $i -lt $AllURLs.Count ; $i++) {
                $URL = $Destination = $null
                $URL = "$($MainURL)Installers/$($AllURLs[$i.ToString()])"
                $Destination = Join-Path -Path (Join-Path -Path $TargetFolder -ChildPath Installers) -ChildPath (([URI]$URL).Segments[-1] -replace '%20'," ")
                # Add-BitsFile http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd819411.aspx
                $newjob = Add-BitsFile -BitsJob $job -Source  $URL -Destination $Destination
                Write-Progress -Activity "Adding file $($newjob.FilesTotal)" -Status "Percent completed: " -PercentComplete (($newjob.FilesTotal)*100/($AllURLs.Count))
            }
    
            # Begin the download and show us the job
            Resume-BitsTransfer  -BitsJob $job -Asynchronous
    
            # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ee663885%28v=vs.85%29.aspx
            while ($job.JobState -in @('Connecting','Transferring','Queued')) {
                Write-Progress -activity "Downloading ADK files" -Status "Percent completed: " -PercentComplete ($job.BytesTransferred*100/$job.BytesTotal)
            } 
            Switch($job.JobState) {
    	        "Transferred" {
                    Complete-BitsTransfer -BitsJob $job
                    break
                }
    	        "Error" {
                    # List the errors.
                    $job | Format-List 
                } 
    	        default {
                    # Perform corrective action.
                } 
            }
        }
    }
    End {}
    }
    
  2. Great work!

    I think the most important work is how to get URLs of all files in the adk folder, you just did it by:

    gc "C:\Users\local-user\AppData\Local\Temp\adk\Assessment and Deployment Kit_20130213161354.log" | Get-Matches -Pattern ".*\sto\s(?<URL>http://.*)" | % { $_.URL } | Out-File F:\ADK.url.txt -Append

    But I think it will be more practical if you implement this line of code in the downloader code, so you will get rid of the long file list in the $AllURLs variable.
    Can you do that?

    • Yes, I could but I’d introduce a dependency in the code on a file that doesn’t exist on any other computer.
      To make the code reusable anywhere, there’s this long list of files hardcoded in the code…

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